THE ACQUISITION OF CERTAIN AREA AT AYODHYA ACT , 1993

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The Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act, 1993 was enacted by the Ministry of Law, Justice and Company Affairs on April 3, 1993 and came into force on January 7, 1993. The Parliament aims to frame a comprehensive law to acquire some parts at Ayodhya and other related matters. The Government has decided to formulate such an enactment due to the very old dispute connected with the structure added with the inner as well as outer square which is popularly called Ram Janma Bhumi-Babri Masjid, located in Kot Ramchandra village in Ayodhya in the Faizabad district of the State of Uttar Pradesh. The clash has influenced the upholding of public order along with support to communal accord and the strength of universal brotherhood within the Indian citizens. The Act also intends to realize these goals through acquisition of some parts of Ayodhya. The Act provides that from the initiation of the legislation, the rights, interest along with title with regard to the area shall be transferred and bestowed with Government of India.

As per the Act, the area shall consists of rights, liberties, privileges, powers, assets, influence, leaseholds and entire movable and immovable property added with buildings, shops, lands or other rights or interests which arise from such properties which are under the ownership, control or possession of any individual or State of Uttar Pradesh prior to the enforcement of the enactment. The area shall also contain plans, registers, documents, maps and drawings and other related nature. The above mentioned properties shall vest with the Government of India which can be made free and released from any charge, encumbrances, trust, mortgage or liability due to such vesting. Such property can be released from any attachment, order, injunction, tribunal, decree or other authority limiting the exploitation of the property. The right, interest or title with regard to any such property vested in the Government of India is under any litigation, appeal or court proceedings, it can be declined. It is the duty of the Central Government to take essential steps to safeguard the property which is under the control of the Government through this enactment. The individual or the State of Uttar Pradesh is bound to hand over possession of the property to the Government of India or the person authorized to take delivery of the property. It shall include entire assets, documents, registers etc.

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The Act provides authority on the Central government to direct vesting of such property in other authority or organization or trust. It states that the Government of India may authorize any authority, body or organization or trustees with the administration of the property so vested with the Central Government if they are ready to fulfill with the stipulations and conditions that the Government enforces. Such right shall vest in the authority either from the date of notification or a further date précised under the notification. Where such rights vested as provided earlier, those rights, interest or identity with regard to that part shall vest in that body. The property with the Government of India shall be administered by such Government or individual or group of individuals or trustees as sanctioned by that Government. For the purpose of administering that property, the Government shall guarantee that the situation prevailing prior to the initiation of the Act in the part where the structure is located in

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Kot Ramchandra village in Ayodhya in State of Uttar Pradesh is properly managed. The holder of the land, structure or any other assets included in the area shall be given the right to transfer that property to the Government for money. But the money shall be equal to the present market value of such property.