The Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959 was enacted on 24th December, 1959 and came into force on April 1, 1960. From the commencement of the Act, the State of Andhra Pradesh shall be added with the territories specified under the Schedule I and such territory shall come to an end as part of State of Madras. It shall also be added with the territories specified in the Schedule II to the State of Madras and such territories shall remain no more a part of State of Madras. The territories described under Schedule I Part I shall be added in and shall become part of Chittoor district. The mentioned territories as well as the territories included in the Pattur district mentioned under Schedule III and the territories that right away previous to the commencemt of the Act were embraced in Kanakammachatram along with Tiruttani firkas of Tiruttani taluk. However, they are not transferred to the State of Madras according to the provisions of the Act and shall remain as taluk which is called Sathyavedu taluk in Chittoor district. The territories that were immediately subsequent to the commencement of the Act were added in Lelpadi firka belonging to Chittoor taluk. Although, such territories shall not be transferred as per the provisions of this Act to the State of Madras shall be added and form fraction of Pattur Taluk.
Likewise, the territories that was included in the Melpadi firka of Chittoor but that remains not transferred to the State of Madras according to the provisions of the Act shall constitute the area under Chittoor firka of Chittoor taluk. The territories mentioned under Schedule I Part II shall be added and constitute to be area under the Kuppam West firka located in Palmaner taluk of chittoor district. Moreover, the territories that was straight away prior to the initiation of the Act were included in the Sathyavedu firka belonging to Ponneri taluk and Uttukkottai firka coming under Tiruvallur taluk that are not transferred in accordance with the provisions of State of Andhra Pradesh shall be added to the Gummidipundi firka located at Ponneri taluk. The territories described under the Schedule II, Part I and II shall be comprised in Tiruttani taluk, which is a separate taluk coming under Chingleput district.
The Act amended the Schedule I of the Constitution of India from the commencement of the Act. The Andhra Pradesh or the Madras government is not barred from altering the name, extension or boundaries of these states, district, village etc as per the provisions of the present Act. In addition, the Act also amended the Schedule 4 of the Constitution from the inception of the Act. The Act provides for bye election to fill the extra seat which is allocated to the State of Madras in the Council of States. The term of such members elected to the Council of States shall come to an end on April 2, 1962. The Act further altered the Schedule I of the Delimitation Order, 1956 and the alterations so made are specified under the Schedule 4 of the present Act.
The seats in the Legislative Assembly of the State of Andhra Pradesh are to be filled up by election as provided under the Act. The Schedule II of the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1956 was also modified and provided under Schedule 5 of the present legislation. The Schedule 6 of the present enactment contains modifications effected to the Delimitation Commission’ s Final Order No. 19 issued on October 4, 1954.
The Act extended the jurisdiction as well the transfer of proceedings of the High Court to some of the territories of State of Andhra Pradesh. The High Court of Madras will not have jurisdiction over such territories thereafter. The Act also specifies the mode in which the expenses are to be met and the sharing out of assets and liabilities.
In accordance with the provisions of the Act, the Andhra Pradesh state was altered and new State ‘Telengana’ was constituted by Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014.