The National Cadet Corps Act, 1948 was accepted by the Governor General on 15 July 1948 and came into existence in 16 July 1948 to provide for the constitution of a National Cadet Corps. The origin of National Cadet Corps ( NCC) traced back to the ‘University Corps’ which created under the Indian Defence Act, 1917 with the objective to increase the members of Army force. When Indian Territorial Act passed in 1920 University Corps replaced by the University Training Corps and the main aim of University Training Corps is to raise the standard of armed forces by attracting youth, then University Officers Training Corps was established by British Government in 1942 but it did not meet the expectations regarding standardizing of armed forces. As no Training programmes meet the expectations of Government and people, Government planned for better schemes which meet the expectation and would train more young men then committee headed by Pandit H.N. Kunzru recommended a cadet organization, a voluntary organization which is responsible to train students as cadet in schools and colleges
The National Cadet Corps, for the up-liftment of the Society open to all students who are in school and colleges in the Country which has its Headquarters at New Delhi. The National Cadet Corps been a voluntary association which recruits cadets from high schools, colleges and Universities all over country and gives them the basic military training. The Cadet ceases to have military training after completing the course but preference would be given to persons who took training during selections.
National Cadet Corps Act, 1948 had 13 Sections in brief and it extends to whole of India and applies to all persons enrolled or appointed under the Act. The Act has been extended to Goa, Daman and Diu with modifications by Reg. 12 of 1962. NCC been a voluntary organization gives basic military training to students through proper enrolment as specified in Section 6 of the Act, students of both sex of any school or university may enroll as cadet in Junior Division or Senior Division based on the age or notification provided by government as specified under Section 7. Persons enrolled as cadet under Act entitled to receive discharge from the Corps on the expiration of period or as specified under Section 8. There are officers and unit of Corps appointed to proper administration of NCC either from members of staff of any university or school provided under the Act and person appointed may also liable to perform certain duties and also liable to punishments for offences committed. Central Government under Section 12 of the Act appoints a Central Advisory Committee for the purpose of giving advice to all issues connected with the administration and constitution of the Corps which leads to the proper Organization of NCC unit which prescribed under the Act.
NCC , been a voluntary organization has a very organized atmosphere which has its headquarters located in Delhi, headed by an officer called as the Director General of the NCC there are two other officers and other civil officials appointed specially to assist him. There are 17 other directorates located in the state capitals and depending on the role and size of State, other officers appointed headed by rank colonel. There are two establishments especially laid for the training purpose they are namely officers Training School, Kamptee and Women Officers Training School, Gwalior. Earlier in 1949 NCC gave opportunities to girls and extended the part of NCC in the Society.
Achievements of National Cadet Corps higher as it fulfilled the objective during Indo-Pakistan war in 1965, NCC had a great role as they were the second line of defense. NCC organized camp at the time of war to supply armed forces and helps to capture enemy paratroops, apart from that there are many propaganda camps to NCC such as NIC, role of NIC is to propagate national integration among cadets , this camps mainly focus on students who pursuing higher class in schools. NCC Camps conducts to diseliminate the cultural and social gap conducts camps all over India. Apart from training and camps NCC also provides certificates by conducting examination, three types of certificates such as Certificate-A, Certificate-B, Certificate-C, provided to cadets based on their position, performance and attendance of training provided.
There are many laws laid in India which gives special preference to NCC against law relating to removal of disqualification Act such as The Parliament (Prevention of Disqualification) Act, 1959 which declares that certain offices of profit under Government not disqualify the holders of for being parliament member and it includes officers under National Cadet Corps Act, 1948. The Bihar Legislature ( Removal of Disqualifications ) Act, 1950 which also provides that offices under Act, 1950 not be disqualified for member of legislative assembly and it include offices in the National Cadet Corps under National Cadet Corps Act, 1948.
National Cadet Corps Act, 1948 raised the standard of our country through proper armed forces. Act constituted NCC and uplifted the youth personality by educating them patriotism. Prior to the Act there was no proper source of Armed Force and members of military force been very less through lack of propaganda, Act as the major source fulfill the gap by increasing the military forces by proper propaganda to schools and colleges as it mainly attracts the youth of the nation.
by Priyadarshini Chandrasekar