New Permanent Members in reformed Security Council of UN, should get ‘veto’: India

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United Nations: India’s Permanent Representative in the United Nation, Syed Akbaruddin stated on 9th day of March, that the National Position of India has been and remains that the veto should as long as it exists be extended to new permanent members.

It shows that the India has reaffirmed that the new permanent members in a reformed Security Council, should be offered with the veto power, however, in its suggestion, India says that its use be deferred to a review conference as “a willingness for compromise”.

Further, he said that the use of the veto power can be deferred till the Review Conference, as a measure of flexibility and willingness for compromise. And notably the use of such veto is wished to be deferred by the African Union (and it is understandable too). Here, he says that the difference is one of degree which one can see than that of kind.

Under the United Nations Charter, the Review Conference is provided as a platform for the member states for discussing the changes to any reforms achieved in the near- term and also for revisiting negotiable which cannot be agreed upon.

It was also seen earlier that India had stated that the differing of the use of veto would be considered by it until a future scheduled review conference.

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Akbaruddin found asserted that to block the process of the Security Council reform itself, the issue of veto cannot be allowed, to go so. Moreover, he said that the that the issue of veto is important, however, veto cannot be allowed to have a veto over the process of Council reforms.

It was seen that the comments from Akbaruddin were seen making during the Informal Plenary Meeting of the Inter- Government Negotiations- IGN on the issue of ‘Veto’.

Moreover, Akbaruddin has also elaborated the historic perspective on the use of the veto, and also found stated that from the year 1946, from which the Security Council was created, till today around 317 vetoes have been cast and as a result 230 draft resolutions or parts thereof were vetoed in total. Also, in effect, around 10% of the 2271 resolutions adopted till date, have been vetoed.

Adv. Faim Khalilkhan Pathan

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