The National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007 was received the President of India assent on 5th June 2007 and become effective on August 15th 2007. National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007 been the second law which enacted for the technical education institutions after the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 to declare our National Institutes of Technology as of national importance. Act enacted by the Parliament of India to declare the certain institutions as of national wide importance and to provide instructions and research related matters regarding the engineering, technology, management, education for the advancement of learning
This Act may be called as National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007 and consists of 37 Sections. As Act specifies the term Institute which Incorporates a Institute under Section 4. Body corporate under Act constitutes each Institute which consists of Chairperson, Director and other members of the Board for the time being of the Institute. On commencement of the Act every rights liabilities and other duties shall be transferred to the Institute. Institute under Section 6 has power to give degrees, fix fees and other charges to the students of academic. There shall be authorities of Institutes under Section 10 and they called as the Board of Governors and Senate. Board of every Institute shall be responsible for the proper maintenance, superintendence and control the affairs of the Institute. The Senate of every Institute constituted under Section 14 consists of Director, Deputy Director and other staff members as laid in the Statutes.
Chairperson appointed acts as a head person shall preside the meeting of the Board and matter regarding the Convocations of the Institute, duty casts on the Chairperson to implement the decisions taken at the Board. Registrar appointed under Section 18 act as the Secretary of Board to exercise the powers and functions laid for the proper management of Institute. There shall be a Fund maintained in the name of Institute as specified in Section 21, and every grants sums given by Central Government and other authorities should be transferred to fund for the proper development of the Institute.
Every institute must maintain proper accounts and other relevant statements and it should be audited by the comptroller and Auditor-General of India, and every account statement should be submit to the Central Government and forward to the Houses of Parliament. Institute which comes within purview of the Act must provide pension and provident fund to its employees in manner as prescribed in the Statutes as laid in Section 23. All the appointment of the staff of every Institute except Director and Deputy Director shall made with the accordance laid down in Statutes, Statutes under Section 25 may provide for the matters relating to the formation of teaching departments, admission, fees structure and scholarship of the Institution. Tribunal of Arbitration constituted under Section 29 of Act acts as the authority to deal with the matter of dispute arising between Institution and its employees, then the order of Tribunal be final and it has power to regulate its own procedure.
There shall be a Council established under Section 30 of Act to establish the functions related to all the Institutes laid under Act, Council consists of members such as Minister in charge of the Ministry, Secretary to the Government of Indian charge of Central Government, Chairperson as ex-officio, Financial Advisor and other members to perform functions. Every member of the office has the authority to hold the office not extending the term of three years as specified in the Act and entitled to salary and other allowances as laid in Section 31
It acts as a general duty of the Council to co-ordinate all the activities of the Institutes, the Council shall perform functions under Section 32, Council shall advise on matters relating to the duration of courses degrees by the Institutions, to examine the development of plans relating to each Institute and to advise the Visitor if required to perform any functions laid under Act. Chairman as appointed under Council shall preside the meeting as a head person and exercise all duties and functions laid on him as specified in Section 33. Central Government as specified in the official Gazette has power under Section 34 to make rules to carry out important provisions laid under Act, it can make rule relating to the matter of travelling and other allowances of members of Council and proceedings laid in meeting. Every rule made under shall make before the Houses of Parliament.
National Institutes of Technology was one among the funded technical institutes in our Country which establishes a campus in each State of India. Act declares National Institutes as institutions which is of national importance along with the Indian Institutes of Technology and categorized as them as eligible for great sums as fund and support from the Indian Government. Act aimed and enacted at unifying the Organizational structure of the National Institutes of Technology and to bring them under the control and direction of the Ministry of Human Resource Department.
by Priyadarshini Chandrasekar