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The National Medical Commission Act 2019

Health care and Medical education is one of the most important factor that carves healthy citizens and healthy lifestyle that promotes the growth of a strong nation. The National Medical Commission Act 2019 came in to existence on 8th August 2019 with 61 sections, 8 chapters and one schedule with the prime focus on rendering medical education and health care of supreme quality as national health goals and there by providing excellent medical professional accessibility to citizens all over the country. Chapter 2 of the act States the constitution of the National Medical Commission by the Central Government. The functions of the National Medical commission is enumerated in section 10 of the act is for framing policies or schemes for the regulation of medical professional and medical institutions, constitution of infrastructure for the maximum utilization of health care professionals in the arena of Human resources in the health care sector.

Chapter 3 of the act deals with the Advisory Council and it’s constitution and functions for achieving the purpose of health goals through advanced and update medical education and training.
Chapter 4 deals with the eligibility and criteria of candidates from the country for the National examination through the entrance test. According to section 15 a National exit test is conducted for granting license for medical practice of the eligible students. All exams conducted in the national and state level are monitored and administered by the designated authority of Central and State government. By virtue of the Act there are other regulatory bodies such as Advisory board, search committee, under graduate and post graduate medical education board, rating board and ethics and medical education Boards established for the implementation of the provisions of Act.

The Act states that without obtaining prior permission of the Medical assessment and Rating board new medical college or Post graduation courses can’t be commenced. Community health providers for specific primary and preventive health care are permitted to have limited license to practice.
Chapter 6 enumerates the recognition of medical qualifications granted by the institutions inside and outside the country. Chapter 8 of the Act elaborately states the superseding power of the central government over the commission’s decisions, rule and law making powers of the Central Government. All rules and regulations made need to be laid before the parliament for the approval and any difficulties occur in the implementation of the provisions of the Act shall be removed through official gazette publication by virtue of section 58 of the Act. The Schedule of the Act specifies the category of medical qualifications offered by statutory bodies in the country.

The Act of 2019 indeed had immense impact in the field of medical health care by creating proper health care framework in the country with statutory power and authority. The establishment of new medical colleges consistent with the provisions of the act produce highly qualified medical care professionals and community service providers. The Act undoubtedly enables better healthcare protection schemes and its implementation for a better medical attention that ensures the betterment of a country.

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