THE ALL INDIA SERVICES ACT, 1951

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The All India Services Act, 1951 is the Central legislation that authorizes the Indian Government to create rules for the control of recruitment as well as stipulations of service of persons who are being appointed to the All India Civil Service. Such appointments can be made only after consultation with the concerned State Government. According to the Act, ‘all-India service’ includes the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Police Service. The rules so framed as per the provisions of the Act shall be laid before the Parliament for a period of at least fourteen days immediately as they are formulated. It shall be altered in the form of repeal or amendment when the Parliament makes a move at the time of the laid session.

In the case of Devendra Narayan Singh v. State of Bihar (AIR 1997 SC 595) the Supreme Court rightly remarked that while some error has been committed by the appropriate authorities failing to set up Select list for an year and the aggrieved appellants set about the same and eventually the Supreme Court issued direction to re-evaluate the matter and subsequently the authority evaluated the matter and added the name of appellants in the Select list of another year, the law considers that the prepared select list in the latter year is the select list for the former year. As a result the allotment year of persons added in the list has to be analyzed according to the fact that they were included in the select list of the prior year. The rules enforced instantly previous to the initiation of the Act and applied to All India Service shall persist and shall be considered to be rules framed according to the present legislation.

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The duties of the civil servant vary according to the seniority of the person. The junior officers have to undergo probation and shall give promotion according to hierarchy of appointment. The duties at the district level consist of developmental matters and district affairs. The accountability in the district level points on the legal affairs and social order. At the State as well as Central levels, the civil servants are entrusted with the duty to frame policy. The officials under the All India Services are systematized to cadres which are developed as of the States from which they are allocated to perform the duties till they carry on as member of such service. State Cadres along with Officers of the All India Services constitute All India Services. The State Cadres constitute Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service. The officers of the All India Services are appointed in their own States when under probation. When an officer is appointed to a State cadre, he normally continues in that cadre till retirement. The All India Services are under the direct management and control of the Central Government.

Under Indian Administrative Service, the officers are given practical experience to conduct the affairs of the Government. The civil servants are appointed to specific office that is related with policy matters. These policy matters are formulated, altered and construed in the office of civil servants under the guidance of Administrative officer after discussing with the concerned minister. As per the procedures prescribed under the Act, the Indian Forest Service was established in 1966 with an aim to safeguard, preserve and redevelop the forest resources. The officers under the Indian Forest Service works in different institutions connected with forest management, protection of ecology and wildlife conservation like the Institute of Wildlife, IGNFA, Forest Survey, WCCB etc in addition to the services rendered in Central and State Secretariat and other posts. Additionally, the Indian Police Service is under the duty to maintain internal security of the State, public safety and social order.

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The All India Services (Conduct) Amendment Rules, 1968 was amended by All India Services (Conduct) Amendment Rules, 2011 that granted the Central Government to retire incompetent and non-performing officers upon a discussion with the State Government after conducting review.